365 Days of Archaeology – ArchPodNet

Hello Friends and enemies,



we are almost at the close of our year and it has certainly been quite a year at that – I have been working for the Archaeology Podcast Network on new projects as well as having some of my first work now published as a digital review – which you can check out here. The main project for the APN has been this years celebration of heritage, history and archaeology by creating a daily podcast! There have, of course, been challenges and difficulties but in many ways the success has been down to Chris Webster our lord and master, who has toiled away creating these episodes. Guests and contributors have also helped make this monumental task somewhat easier by helping us create content, and this, dear reader is where you can also assist us.


If you have any kind of media bone in your body or want to try something, then we have a challenge for you – record a short piece for us to release as part of the 365 days of Archaeology!


See this page on our APN site for full details


In other news – i am working on content still – more to be revealed soon


The Anarchaeologist Is not Dead Yet



I have been lazy or busy, you decide. I have recently thrown myself at a job outside of archaeology, a call centre in fact and my day to day work consists of customer service in both English and German. Despite this straying from archaeology, I have tried to keep it close to my heart, but unfortunately sometimes a little too close, straying into my free time outside of work and putting me under a little bit of pressure. In an overcompensation I jumped on any project I could, and so I started having to juggle things. April has been really busy for myself, at the start of the month I had to go back to Northern Ireland for family, then headed to the Hidden Heritage Conference in Dorchester, after which I was in Copenhagen and finally CIfA 2016.


Palmyra : “First as A Tragedy than as a farce” (Not My Title)

I am taking this wording directly out of the mouth of Slovenian philosopher Salvoj Zizek, from his book of the same title. I find this phrase particularly fitting to the situation that is currently occurring with regards to Palmyra and the way in which the UK government’s response has been awkward and ridiculous.  I am talking mainly about the ‘reconstruction’ of an archway of Palmyra that was first displayed in the British museum and then at Trafalgar square. The monument’s creation comes after Boris Johnson’s original comments of ‘sending British archaeologists to…rebuild Palmyra’, an unarchaeological endeavour indeed.


EAA Glasgow 2015 Round Up

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UPDATE : I managed to get both of the wonderful EAA Glasgow social teams’ names wrong – I apologise profusely. Thank you to everyone for your interest!


The return journey from Glasgow to Fife was a lonely, empty one; I tried to keep up on twitter but the hastag #EAAGla was all but silent. The same hashtag that had been alive and well for the last four days was now showing the last few dribbles of conversations –the  thank yous and see you agains. It felt very much as if the energy had been sapped away; but how did Twitter become so all-encompassing, how did it gain so much energy in the first place?

The first interactions with the social media team for EAA Glagsow 2015 primed the entire conference, from the start, there was a sense of authentic, earnest communication, often considered a rarity among “official accounts” of large organizations. Instead the amazing team of Kimm Curran and Christina Gilfedder set the cogs in motion for an engaged audience. I blame their insistence on my session having cake on the fact I went out to buy cake instead of preparing for my session (let me preface this, I did promise cake). On my first night in Glasgow I felt myself being led away by archaeologists for a pint, walking and chatting, I didn’t notice two figures across the road looking at me going into ‘the wrong pub’. After securing a drink I turn around and there stand before me are two women kitted out with social media hoodies, saying “Mr. Boyle, there you are” – oh dear, I’ve been in Glasgow 2 hours, how can I already be infamous? It soon came to light who stood before me – I was amazed that they had found and recognized me, that was something special.



listenandrtbanner copyHello and welcome to a much needed blog post here on the Anarchaeologist. I know I know, I’ve been bad with updates and writing stuff and I apologise for anyone waiting on me to write or say something. I’ve been disappointing a lot of people recently and it’s time to rectify that. I have been silent recently about work because I have been building up to announcing leaving my current employment to go and be an archaeologist. It’s really exciting and I just can’t wait to get my hands covered in soil and my field notebook full of penciled notes. This has been a long time coming and hopefully will inspire me to create new content with a number of different amazing people out there.


It is wonderful to be part of the huge twitter community and to be able to talk to people who have a passion for archaeology and beyond. I have to really give a huge shout-out to the amazing podcasting community that has been so supportive and fun to chat with. It is important to note here that if I really attempted to mention them all, I would most certainly leave someone out but I can say that I have been on a number of shows which a quick google search will bring out (for better or worse).


There is another side to my twitter account, and that is the voices that aren’t usually heard; this is something that I have attempted to promote with my show but I feel that I haven’t said strongly enough. If you were to check through my feed, you would find a mix of archaeologists, podcasters, Indigenous people’s twitters, feminists and POC twitters. I don’t want to wear this as a badge of pride, in fact, this should be the norm; because in following a mix of different people, I get to read things that would never cross my mind. Twitter has opened my eyes to a number of Indigenous People’s concerns, particularly about Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women #MMIW, a worryingly underrepresented issue in politics. On top of this, there are twitter handles that talk about the issues with cultural appropriation and stereotypes about Indigenous peoples and importantly why these things are needing addressing. And how should we address these things? Listen and retweet. Simple. Understand where these people are coming from and try to take on board what they say on good faith. This doesn’t mean take it on board and try to respond with #NotAllEtc but understand that there maybe validity in criticism.


And this all ties into how we talk to each other over social media, in the ways that many different thoughts and feelings mix across the internet. Often when I tweet I feel that I throw my thoughts in the void and I don’t necessarily feel anyone has to engage with me. That’s ok, personally when I tweet something that’s on my mind I would like people to reply, however not everyone is the same. Sometimes what we put out there is a gasp of desperation or just a simple venting of emotion and we have to realise that despite the political nature of what someone says, it may not always be appropriate to engage. I saw a tweet today about badges at the Nine Worlds 2015 conference (@London_Geekfest), which came in three colours signifying whether an individual wants to engage in conversation or not. Blue meant please talk to me, yellow meant talk to me if you know me and red meant don’t talk to me unless I begin the conversation. I thought it was fantastic, there was no ambiguity as to the appropriateness of engagement with the individual. It made me think of whether it is appropriate to engage all the time.

  I replied to a tweet which was a joke conversation highlighting flippant dismissal of sexism in science, leading into a conversation about whether the 1950s were a great time for women. There was a back and forth between myself and another Twitter-user but it included the handle of the original Tweeter. I wonder if it was right of me to continue using that original person’s handle when the conversation was obviously between me and this new user. You can read the full conversation here, but it’s pretty obvious that I disagree that the world is gynocentric and feminism isn’t needed. In fact, in my opinion, this other twitter user demonstrated the Lewis Law (any conversation about Feminism will prove why Feminism is needed). I stopped the conversation saying that it was obvious we disagreed and it wasn’t going anywhere, and although the other user bid me good day, he (I assume) continued to tweet me. So I wonder where have I overstayed my welcome on Twitter, where have I made the same mistake? I was very clear when I wanted the conversation to end but maybe other people aren’t as forward.

In this vein, I want to talk about why social media is different to traditional media, in the way that on Twitter and Facebook people don’t have to be the representative to talk to you. In traditional media, the news interviews representatives of groups and institutions whose job it is to talk to people and do outreach, on social media this isn’t always the case. Not everyone has to reply to what you say about their tweet and if you continue to try and talk to them and try and point out their silence as rude, then you may be “Seal-lioning” – i.e. finding people expressing themselves and trying to engage in conversation with them in bad faith, getting under their skin and then complaining that they aren’t be polite in your forced discussion. The benefit of the internet is that there are thousands, if not millions, of people happy to debate whatever topic you but not everyone.


Finally I want to highlight a conversation that came up out of me tweeting about the League of Nerds Podcast, asking if their guest had a twitter account because I really liked what they had to say and would appreciate their updates on my feed. That wasn’t an issue at all, but then another Twitter user chimed in a link to an indiegogo campaign on “Alternative Cancer Cure”. With respect to the original podcast episode, this seems to be relevant, since the podcast was about cancer and the search for a cancer cure. However if you listened to the episode the guest highlighted that cancer as a single disease is a misnomer because each cancer behaves in a different way and requires different treatment. The guest is a cancer research specialist, @vickyyyf, who went into detail about the issues with a cancer cure and gives a great insight into her personal story about cancer and why she now researches it. The Alternative Cancer Cure indiegogo was about a film (not yet finished) that brought up conspiracies and issues with BigPharma, something that was quickly and succinctly criticised and the conversation noted as over. However our intrepid Twitter user then began to seal lion. See the conversation below and understand what the issue is here; Twitter is a public forum and you are allowed to comment and state your opinion, but if someone says they don’t want to continue the conversation and you keep talking, that’s the problem.



This kind of behaviour needs to stop, mainly because it’s not how you have a conversation or discussion. No one online is answerable to you, it’s not their job to talk to you, in fact someone replying and engaging with what you have to say is something special; people have lives and other things to do.


There are people who will debate you and talk to you but there’s a time and place for everything. I will try and speak to you, I will engage and talk but I will also tell you when I’m done and when I feel there is nothing more to be gained from our conversation.



tldr: Listen and RT.



P.S. If you are interested in following amazing Indigenous people on twitter you should definitely check out @YurokGuy @ZoeSTodd. Another worthy mention is @AdAstraComics who work with Indigenous writers and artists.


The Death of the Archaeologist


The Death of the  Archaeologist


The Archaeologist has to die and we have to be the ones to kill him.

Imagine the scene, the windows of the round room are draped in dark velvet curtains, and a porcelain white altar stands proudly in the middle of the room. Several hooded figures slowly raise an ageing body on top of the altar, adjusting hands to hold roman coins in the palms. Ceremonial curved daggers glint in faint candle light as the last conspirator sharpens their blade. There is just enough silence to put anyone on edge, the faint rustle of cloak and soft inhalations were the only sounds to betray their owners’ presence. The knife falls and the deed is done. The new dawn will shine through the window and with faces pressed against the glass, all will finally take control themselves. The body is of The Archaeologist. 



Archaeology with chemistry – Are you Mad?

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I often am subject to a squinting of eyes or contorted face of bemusement when asked about my degree. Yes I studied archaeology, yes I studied chemistry. No they aren’t the opposite of each other. In fact archaeology and chemistry dovetail exceptionally well; people often forget that while archaeologists spend weeks and months on a dig site, there is also post excavation work to be done and part of that work can be chemical testing. Archaeologists in lab coats may conjure to mind ancient CSI but the work of the chemical archaeologist is a major component of field testing.

Soil profiles may make some people yawn but range and depth of knowledge gained from their analysis is of great importance, especially concerning the factors that affect preservation of materials; a well documented soil profile with properties such as pH and reduction potential (Eh) can inform us of which cultural and material remains we may expect to find at the site, as well as the conditions at the time of deposition. DNA analysis comes under chemical analysis, as do new forms of lipid analysis and other biomolecular analysis.


Talking about soils and strata,  I don’t think anyone would question a Geology and Archaeology degree but would they question a combination of what they see as a “Hard science” and archaeology?


Still Feeling Hungry: Diets And The Past Part 1



The way to the past is through their stomachs, or so the modern media would have you think. Recently the diet of Neanderthals made the news with the discovery of bird bones (rock doves) in analysis of Neanderthal poo, around 50,000 BP; this discovery has been hailed as new and exciting since it shows that Neanderthals could hunt birds. The topic of Neanderthal diet has come up in the past  (This is actually not a bad article, considering its the Daily Mail)  and I think its great to have some interesting topics about diet discussed in traditional media; however it seems (to me at least) that there is a fascination with the diets of the past. This manifests itself in many ways, of course the research mentioned above but also the creation of ancient alcohols such as made by Dogfish.

This brings an important question in, should we make the food of the past an important part of our study and presentation?


There is another side to the fascination of diet in the past, the infamous “Paleo or CaveMan Diet”; many of the hardcore dieters spout claims of authenticity from the past. Terms like natural, cave man

Also potatoes aren’t allowed, according to this handy wikihow, a travesty of the highest order.



Editorial 2 : Excavating Online Media

Where is my archaeology?

A recent chat that I had with Mr. Soup  prompted me to uncover what other archaeologically minded channels there are on the Internet. A quick search of the word archaeology quickly soured the taste in the mouth; Secrets of Archaeology, Hidden Welsh Archaeology and Suppressed Archaeology were all that appeared to me. It seems that archaeologists are hiding something, and in this mystical magical world of possibility lies well formed opinions devoid of bias and unnecessary handwaving. I wish.  Our first indication of something being a little off were several videos on ancient giants; it took me a while to research what people were actually talking about. Basically, parts of the Bible allude to giants (nephilim) being born of a union between fallen angels and human women. There is a very good blog article by Jason Colavito debunking the conspiracy about bones belonging to giants being in the Smithsonean.


Editorial : Archaeology And Videogames Part 1

vgs archaeology copyArchaeological ideas are in videogames but not where we expect, its time to excavate the electronic forms of art.


Video games have already become one of the most used forms of media in the 21st century. It is difficult to find someone who doesn’t know of videogames, and if you are a certain age, it is difficult to find someone who hasn’t played a game. But in terms of archaeology, videogames haven’t got the best representation. Games that people are familiar with that feature archaeologists are Tomb Raider and Uncharted but are these games archaeological? To try and answer this question we have to look at what videogames currently offer.

As pointed out by Daniel Garcia-Raso video games have like other media forms presented “ an old-fashioned and idealised vision picturing the archaeologist as a treasure raider that gets involved in an epic adventure to decipher the secrets of past civilizations embodied in artefacts. This image, popularized by Indiana Jones, meets the detective nature that some archaeologists from the Nineteenth Century or early years of Twentieth Century, like Heinrich Schliemann or Howard Carter, wanted to present as typical of Archaeology” (2011). The idea being that ‘real archaeology’ consisting of measuring and spending days of back-breaking excavating is boring and such activities would translate poorly in game mechanics in an action game. He goes on to say that “Because of their nature of audiovisual spectacle and entertainment system, video games tend not to be realistic, with the recurrent appearance of colossal and supernatural enemies, which defy physical and biological laws as well as mythologies and fantasies.”  However if we understand that videogames aren’t realistic then what they represent are ideas about the past, possibilities about the past. Surely interpretations based on evidence are the same, ideas and possibilities about the past?

And what is the difference between a described archaeological interpretation and the same one simulated on screen?